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UNS S32205 UNS S31803 F55 1.4462 2205 Duplex Stainless Steel

UNS S32205 UNS S31803 F55 1.4462 2205 Duplex Stainless Steel 2205 duplex stainless steel UNS S32205 UNS S31803 F55 1.4462  2205 Duplex Stainless Steel UNS S32205 UNS S31803 F55 1

UNS S32205 UNS S31803 F55 1.4462 2205 Duplex Stainless Steel

Introduction

2205 duplex stainless steel is a 22% Chromium, 3% Molybdenum, 5-6% Nickel nitrogen alloyed duplex stainless steel with high general, localized and stress corrosion resistance properties in addition to high strength and excellent impact toughness.
2205 duplex stainless steel provides pitting and crevice corrosion resistance superior to 316L or 317L austenitic stainless steels in almost all corrosive media. It also has high corrosion and erosion fatigue properties as well as lower thermal expansion and higher thermal conductivity than austenitic.
The yield strength is about twice that of austenitic stainless steels. This allows a designer to save weight and makes the alloy more cost competitive when compared to 316L or 317L.
2205 duplex stainless steel is particularly suitable for applications covering the -50°F/+600°F temperature range. Temperatures outside this range may be considered but need some restrictions, particularly for welded structures.

Applications

  • Chemical processing, transport and storage – pressure vessels, tanks, piping, and heat exchangers
  • Oil and gas exploration and processing equipment – piping, tubing, and heat exchangers
  • Marine and other high chloride environments
  • Effluent scrubbing systems
  • Pulp and paper industry – digesters, bleaching equipment, and stock-handling systems
  • Cargo tanks for ships and trucks
  • Food processing equipment
  • Biofuels plants

Quality Standard

ASTM A182 Standard Specification for Forged or Rolled Alloy-Steel Pipe Flanges, Forged Fittings, and Valves and Parts
ASTM A276 Standard Specification for Stainless Steel Bars and Shapes
EN 10088 part3 stainless steel
ASTM A240 Standard Specification for Chromium and Chromium Nickel Stainless Steel Plate Sheet and Strip

All Grades Comparison

ASTM A240 EN10088 AFNOR
UNS S32205/S31803 1.4462 X2CrNiMoN 22.5.3 Z3 CrNi 22.05 AZ

Chemical Composition(%)

Steel Grade C Si Mn P S Cr Ni Mo N
2205 0.03 max 1.0 max 2.0 max 0.030 max 0.020 max 22.0-23.0 4.50-6.50 3.0-3.5 0.14-0.20
1.4462 0.03 max 1.0 max 2.0 max 0.035 max 0.015 max 21.0-23.0 4.50-6.50 2.50-5.50 0.10-0.22

Mechanical Properties (Annealed)

Hardness (HB) Tensile Strength (Mpa) Yield Strength (Mpa) Elongation (%) (Long.) Impact Value (J) (Long.)
270 max 650-880 450 min 25 min 100 min

Corrosion Resistance

General Corrosion: Because of its high chromium (22%), molybdenum (3%), and nitrogen (0.18%) contents, the corrosion resistance properties of 2205 duplex stainless steel are superior to that of 316L or 317L in most environments.

Localized Corrosion Resistance: The chromium, molybdenum, and nitrogen in 2205 duplex stainless steel also provide excellent resistance to pitting and crevice corrosion even in very oxidizing and acidic solutions.

Stress Corrosion Resistance: The duplex microstructure is known to improve the stress corrosion cracking resistance of stainless steels.
Chloride stress corrosion cracking of austenitic stainless steels can occur when the necessary conditions of temperature, tensile stress, oxygen, and chlorides are present. Since these conditions are not easily controlled, stress corrosion cracking has often been a barrier to utilizing 304L, 316L, or 317L.

Corrosion Fatigue Resistence: 2205 duplex stainless steel combines high strength and high corrosion resistance to produce high corrosion fatigue strength. Applications in which processing equipment is subject to both an aggresively corrosive enviroment and to cycle loading can benefit from the properties of 2205 duplex stainless steel.

Processing

Hot Forming: Forming below 600°F is recommended whenever possible. When hot forming is required, the workpiece should be heated uniformly and worked in the range of 1750 to 2250°F. 2205 duplex stainless steel is quite soft at these temperatures and is readily formed. Above this range, 2205 duplex stainless steel is subject to hot tearing. Immediately below this range, the austenite becomes substantially stronger than the ferrite and may cause cracking, a particular danger to “cold” edges. Below 1700°F there can be rapid formation of intermetallic phases because of the combination of temperature and deformation. Whenever hot forming is done, it should be followed by a full solution anneal at 1900°F minimum and rapid quench to restore phase balance, toughness, and corrosion resistance. Stress relieving is not required or recommended; however, if it must be performed, the material should receive a full solution anneal at 1900°F minimum, followed by rapid cooling or water quenching.

Cold Forming: 2205 duplex stainless steel is readily sheared and cold formed on equipment suited to working stainless steels. However, because of the high strength and rapid work hardening of 2205 duplex stainless steel, forces substantially higher than those for austenitic steels are required to cold form it. Also because of the high strength, a somewhat larger allowance must be made for springback.

Heat Treatment:2205 duplex stainless steel should be annealed at 1900°F minimum, followed by rapid cooling, ideally by water quenching. This treatment applies to both solution annealing and stress relieving. Stress relief treatments at any lower temperature carry the risk of precipitation of detrimental intermetallic or nonmetallic phases.

Structure

The chemical analysis of 2205 duplex stainless steel is optimized to obtain a typical 50 a/ 50 g microstructure after solution annealing treatment at 1900°/1922°F (1040°/1080°C). Heat treatments performed above 2000°F may result in an increase of ferrite content.
Like all duplex stainless steels, 2205 duplex stainless steel is susceptible to precipitation of intermetallic phases, usually referred to as sigma phase. Intermetallic phases precipitate in the range of 1300°F to 1800°F, with the most rapid precipitation occurring at about 1600°F. Thus, it is prudent to have 2205 pass a test for the absence of intermetallic phases, such as those in ASTM A923.

Mill′s test certificate

EN 10204/3.1 with all relevant data reg. chem. composition, mech. properties and results of testing.